What is the condition?
Iliotibial Band (ITB) syndrome is a condition that we see a lot with cyclists, runners, or long-distance walkers. It is one of the conditions that make up a larger group of condition often referred to runner’s knee. It causes pain on the outside of the knee just above the joint. The discomfort may keep athletes and other active people from participating in the activities they enjoy.
How do you get it?
A lot of the time, it is caused by muscle imbalance on the inside and outside of your knee and weakness on your hip muscles. It causes some instability at the hip and knee and eventually cause your ITB to pull on its insertion on the outside of the knee. The pulling causes irritation and inflammation leading to pain.
What problems does it cause?
People with ITB syndrome will find it more difficult to exercise as exertion such as running, jumping, or even climbing stairs can be painful.
How does it work?
To reduce inflammation and the symptoms of pain, radiofrequency therapy is effective. Manual therapy will also be used by your therapist to complement the treatment and reduce any muscle tightness that causes the imbalance of your knee muscles.
However, the main treatment is the strengthening of your hip and knee stabilisers as the instability is the main cause of ITB syndrome.
How Elevate physiotherapy does this treatment?
During our physiotherapy program the problems that are causing your symptoms will be evaluated and treated. Our physiotherapist may use stretching and strengthening exercises, in combination with a knee brace, kneecap taping, or shoe inserts to improve muscle balance and joint alignment of the hip and lower limb. Your physiotherapist will probably ask you about your sport activities and may give you tips on your warmup and training schedule, footwear, and choices of terrain.
What is the process of getting this treatment like? (preparation, duration, any pain during it, time taken, etc)
There is no preparation that you will need to do. The treatment is usually not painful.
Any post-procedure pain or downtime? What is the aftercare like?
You should avoid the aggravating activities until your therapist clears you to do those activities. You will also be required to do some exercises to strengthen your muscles and correct the imbalances. Compliance to the exercises is crucial to achieve the best results.
What results to expect?
As this is a problem with muscles imbalance and it takes time to strengthen your muscles, you would need at least 4 weeks of therapy to see the results.