Bunions- All You Need to Know

Blogs, Foot, / By Koh Peh Chia

Bunions, not only affect our feet’s appearance but also cause us a lot of pain and restriction from day to day activities. In this article, we would like to share all things you need to know about bunions.

What is Bunion?

Bunions, medically known as hallux valgus is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. The big toe pushes in towards the second toe and creates misalignment and inflammation in the foot.

Causes of Bunions

Bunions typically develop over time and it is more common in women and older individuals. The causes of bunions can be due to genetics and also your footwear.

Below are some factors that can cause one to have bunions:

  • tight or too-small shoes that cause your toes to crowd together and put pressure on your big toe.
  • shoes that have high heels or pointy toes — these styles force your toes together.
  • standing for long periods of time.
  • arthritis symptoms in your feet.

What are the Symptoms?

Most of our patients with bunions complain of pain and limited mobility on the affected toe. But some of them are asymptomatic. Pain from bunions is usually from overloading the joint at the base of the big toe. It supports much of our weight when walking and it can cause significant and constant pain. Joint stiffness, inflammation, and swelling at the base of the toe may also be present too.

Can Physio Help to Treat Bunions?

Yes! we can help. In Elevate Physiotherapy, we treat our patients with bunions in conservative ways:

  • Electrotherapy like ultrasound and radiofrequency therapy are commonly used in our clinic and are effective in minimizing inflammation and helping in pain control.
  • Strapping and taping help to prevent the development of bunions.
  • Foot exercises are usually advised to help relieve pain, increase mobility, and possibly slow the progression of your bunion.

However, for more progressed or painful presentations there are also surgical options.

If you have a bunion or have any questions related to your foot care, we are more than happy to help. Should you need advice, feel free to contact us! Do check out our Instagram page too.


A keen sportsperson, she has developed a natural interest in the injuries that come from sports. While working in Singapore, she then gained valuable experiences treating professional dancers and gymnastics athletes of Singapore. While practicing in private practice, her interest in pre and post-natal physiotherapy was piqued as she finds women having difficulties maintaining an active lifestyle pre and post-childbirth. She then pursued a STOTT Rehab Pilates Instructor certification in order to help with this group and women and also highlight her belief that prevention is a better way to handle injuries.