Women’s Health and Physiotherapy: Addressing Pelvic Floor Issues

Blogs, / By Shi Qi Yap

Women’s health is a multifaceted topic, encompassing a wide range of issues that can affect women throughout their lives. One common but often under-discussed aspect of women’s health is the pelvic floor. The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that provides critical support for the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. When these muscles weaken or experience dysfunction, it can lead to various health issues.

In this article, we will explore the importance of women’s health and how physiotherapy can help address pelvic floor issues.

Understanding the Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor muscles are often described as a “hammock” that stretches across the base of the pelvis. These muscles play a vital role in various bodily functions, such as urinary and bowel control, sexual function, and supporting the pelvic organs. As women age or experience life events like pregnancy and childbirth, the pelvic floor can become weakened, leading to conditions like urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction.

The Role of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy, particularly pelvic floor physiotherapy, is a specialized field that focuses on assessing and treating issues related to the pelvic floor muscles. Here’s how physiotherapy can help women with pelvic floor problems:

  1. Assessment: A physiotherapist will conduct a thorough assessment to determine the specific issues affecting a woman’s pelvic floor. This assessment can include a physical examination, questions about symptoms, and sometimes the use of ultrasound or biofeedback to provide detailed information.
  2. Customized Exercise Programs: Based on the assessment results, a physiotherapist can create a personalized exercise program that targets the specific weaknesses and dysfunctions in the pelvic floor muscles. These exercises can help strengthen and improve muscle tone.
  3. Education: Physiotherapists provide valuable education on how to engage and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles correctly. This includes teaching women how to perform exercises like Kegels effectively.
  4. Behavioural Techniques: In addition to exercises, physiotherapists may recommend behavioural techniques, such as bladder training, to help women manage urinary incontinence.
  5. Pain Management: For women experiencing pelvic pain, physiotherapy can offer pain management techniques, including manual therapy and relaxation exercises.
  6. Prevention and Preparation: For pregnant women, physiotherapy can be beneficial in preparing for childbirth and reducing the risk of postpartum pelvic floor issues. It can also help with postpartum recovery.

The Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Pelvic floor physiotherapy has numerous benefits, including:

  • Improved pelvic floor muscle strength and endurance.
  • Enhanced bladder and bowel control.
  • Reduced pelvic pain.
  • Better sexual function and satisfaction.
  • Prevention of pelvic organ prolapse.
  • Increased quality of life and confidence.

Women’s health is a crucial and multifaceted aspect of healthcare. Pelvic floor issues are prevalent but often go undiscussed. Physiotherapy offers a safe and effective way to address these issues, empowering women to take control of their pelvic health and overall well-being. If you or someone you know is experiencing pelvic floor issues, consider consulting a physiotherapist who specializes in women’s health and pelvic floor rehabilitation. It’s a proactive step toward a healthier, happier life.

We have posted a short video about “Steps to Engage your Pelvic Floor Muscle During Core Training”. Share it with your friend and raise awareness!


We hope this has been useful for you. Find out more useful exercises by checking out our instagram page. Feel free to contact us should you have further questions.

Yap Shi Qi
Rehab Therapist

Shi Qi graduated with Bachelor of Physiotherapy (Hons), awarded by Anglia Ruskin University, UK. Certified Kinesio Taping Practitioner (CKTP®). She practiced as a physiotherapist in a Malaysian private physiotherapy center with a special interest in musculoskeletal and neurological rehabilitation. Her previous experience inspired her to combine active approach along with patients’ education to optimize the rehabilitation outcome in sports-related injuries and postural pain.

In her spare time, she enjoys swimming, singing, and playing piano.